What You Should Understand About Asset Allocation

Asset allocation seeks to diversify your retirement account by distributing it among equities, bonds, and cash. Your age is critical when deciding your allocation. As you age, your ability to handle investment risk decreases. Your risk tolerance falls considerably in retirement, and you cannot afford large market fluctuations.

To grow wealth and accomplish retirement objectives, consider these five asset allocation tips.

1. Consider your age.

Market corrections are especially troublesome when your investing horizon is emotionally and financially limited. Because you intend to spend the money quickly, some of it has vanished, and your mental stress level has skyrocketed. The possibility of panicking and selling also exists. If you sell your equities at the bottom of the market, you risk missing out on possible gains.

You can prevent these issues by altering your allocation based on age.

• If you are under 50 and saving for retirement, you should consider investing extensively in equities. Even though the market is volatile, you have several years till retirement.

• Consider allocating 60% of your portfolio to stocks and 40% to bonds when you reach your fifties. Adjust those figures based on your risk tolerance. If risk makes you uneasy, consider dropping your stock proportion and boosting your bond percentage.

• You may choose a more cautious allocation of 50% equities and 50% bonds in retirement. Adjust this percentage based on your risk tolerance.

• If you need money in less than five years, invest in cash or investment-grade bonds with different maturity dates.

• Make sure that your emergency fund is cash. In an emergency, you may require rapid access to this money.

2. Consider your inherent risk tolerance

Rules 100 and 110 are asset allocation recommendations depending on age. The Rule of 100 indicates what percentage of equities you should own by subtracting your age from 100. Upon reaching the age of 60, the Rule of 100 suggests investing 40% of your portfolio in equities.

The Rule of 110 developed from the Rule of 100 as humans lived longer. Instead of deducting 100 from your age, you remove 110.

These principles are designed to establish your best asset allocation based purely on age. Other considerations are your age and the time till retirement, and knowing your natural risk tolerance might be just as valuable. Diversifying across asset classes should allow you to keep peace of mind regardless of age.

You can purchase additional stocks if you’re 65 or older, getting Social Security payments, and are seasoned enough to keep cool during market cycles. If you’re 25 and worried about market corrections, consider dividing your investments 50/50. The returns will be lower than you want, but you will sleep more easily at night.

3. Stock market trends should not dictate allocation methods.

When the economy is performing well, you may be tempted to buy additional stocks, assuming that the stock market will continue to grow indefinitely. It is a mistake to do so. You can’t time the market, and you can’t foresee when it will correct. Therefore, you should stick to a well-planned asset allocation plan. Market circumstances should have no bearing on your allocation strategy. Otherwise, you are not adhering to one.

4. Diversify your assets within each asset type.

You should diversify inside stocks, bonds, and cash and across them. You may accomplish this in numerous ways:


Investors should have at least 20 equities in their portfolios or invest in mutual funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs). Stock holdings may be divided into companies and market sectors, and utility, consumer staples, and healthcare companies are often more stable than finance and technology companies. Because ETFs and mutual funds are already diversified, they appeal to small investors.


Bond funds allow you to diversify your bond holdings. Hold bonds from various industries, maturities, and kinds as an alternative. The most frequent bonds are government, business, and municipal.


Because cash does not lose value like stocks or bonds, diversifying your cash assets is not always necessary. You might maintain your money in different institutions to guarantee that it is all FDIC-insured. The FDIC has set a $250,000 maximum per depositor per bank, but most people don’t keep much cash on hand. A more practical method would be diversifying your cash holdings to optimize your liquidity and interest profits. For example, you may save some money in a liquid savings account and the balance in a less liquid certificate of deposit (CD) with a greater interest rate than a standard savings account.

5. Use a target-date fund to manage your asset allocation.

If reading about asset allocation makes you nod off, there is another alternative. A target-date fund, which manages asset allocation, might be a smart option for you. Target-date funds invest in various asset classes and gradually reduce their exposure as their target dates approach. The goal date in the fund’s name relates to the year you want to retire. The 2055 fund, for example, is geared toward retirement in 2055.

In general, established procedures for allocating target-date funds are followed. Their asset allocation considers your age, and they are diverse across and within asset classes. Furthermore, these funds are simple to invest in. Aside from the funds in your emergency fund, you do not need to manage your allocation actively.

There are, however, certain downsides. A target-date fund does not take into account your risk tolerance or the likelihood that your circumstances will change. For instance, you may earn a significant promotion that permits you to retire five years early. As a result, you should examine your portfolio allocations to see if they are still suitable.